Akofena publishes original contributions in the fields of Language Sciences, Literature, Languages and Communication. In accordance with the CAMES Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct, all contributions are binding on the author.

Periodicity of issues

  • March
  • September

Recommendation to authors

  • Spacing: 1.05
  • No page numbering
  • Font : Book Antiqua
  • Size 12
  • Orientation : Portrait
  • Margin : Top and Bottom : 3cm, Right and Left : 3cm

How to submit a paper?

All manuscripts sent to Akofena must be unpublished, i.e. never having been published before in another journal. Manuscripts must meet the following requirements:

  • Title: The first page should include the title of the paper, the First and Last Names of the authors, their institution of affiliation, and their full address.
  • Abstract (in english) should not exceed 350 words. It should be succinct so as to highlight the essence of the analysis.
  • Abstract (in french) should not exceed 350 words. It should be succinct so as to convey the essence of the analysis.
  • Keywords (in english )should not exceed five words.
  • Keywords (in french) should not exceed five words.
  • Introduction should provide sufficient background information, setting the context in which the study was undertaken. It should enable the reader to judge the qualitative value of the study and evaluate the results obtained.
  • Body of the subject: The different parts of the body of the subject must appear in a logical order. (e.g.: 1; 1.1; 1.2; 2; 2.1; 2.2; etc.). The introduction and conclusion are not numbered.
  • Footnotes must not refer to bibliographic references, but to additional information
  • Citations are integrated into the text quoting, as appropriate, in the following ways:

Indeed, the goal pursued by Ascher (1998, p.223), is: « to broaden the history of mathematics so that it acquires a multicultural and global perspective […], »

The process of underdevelopment resulting from this shock is experienced concretely by the populations concerned as a global crisis: socio-economic crisis (brutal exploitation, permanent unemployment, accelerated and painful exodus), but also socio-cultural and civilization crisis translating a socio-historical unpreparedness and a maladjustment of human cultures and behaviors to the forms of life imposed by the foreign technologies.

Diakité (1985, p.105)
  • Conclusion should not duplicate the abstract and discussion. It should be a reminder of the main results obtained and the most important consequences that can be deduced from them.

Application of the standards American Psychological Association (APA)

Note: The bibliographic references cited are those actually consulted in the body of the text

Journal (online)

  • From one to two authors
  • N’guessan, A. C. (2020). Quelques modalités d’attribution anthroponymiques Baoulé : l’exemple de l’Ahétou. Akofena, revue scientifique des Sciences du Langage, Lettres, Langues & Communication, L3DL-CI, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny (Côte d’Ivoire), (2)1, 93-104 [Online], accessed on October 20, 2020, URL: http://revue-akofena.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/07-T03-39-pp.-93-104.pdf
  • N’guessan, A. C. (2020). Quelques modalités d’attribution anthroponymiques Baoulé : l’exemple de l’Ahétou. Akofena, revue scientifique des Sciences du Langage, Lettres, Langues & Communication, L3DL-CI, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny (Côte d’Ivoire), (2)1, 03-16 [Online], available at URL: http://revue-akofena.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/01-T02-01-pp03-16.pdf
  • Tape, J-M & Menlan, Y. 2020. Tropicalisation des terminologies linguistiques en campagne de sensibilisation : exemple de la Covid-19 en Côte d’Ivoire. Akofena, revue scientifique des Sciences du Langage, Lettres, Langues & Communication, L3DL-CI, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny (Côte d’Ivoire), Spécial (3), 171-182 [Online], accessed on October 10, 2020, URL: http://revue-akofena.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/13-T03-40-Tape%CC%81-pp.-171-182.pdf
  • Multiple authors
  • Oguntola, L. O. & al. (2020). E-learning en période de la Covid-19: les écoles nigérianes à la loupe. Akofena, revue scientifique des Sciences du Langage, Lettres, Langues & Communication, L3DL-CI, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny (Côte d’Ivoire), Spécial (3), 31-52 [Online], accessed on October 10, 2020, URL: http://revue-akofena.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/03-T03-24-pp.-31-52.pdf

Journal (print)

  • From one to two authors
  • Claudine, M. (2006). Analyse de la violence verbale : quelques principes méthodologiques. Actes des XXVIes journées d’études sur la parole, 103- 114
  • Multiple authors
  • Ajado, T. & al. (2008). E-Learning and Distance Education in Nigeria. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, (7), 4-7

Books or monographs

  • Chomsky, N. & Halle, M. (1973). Principe de phonologie générative, Ed. Seuil, Paris

Proceedings / Colloquium

  • Kossonou, K. T. & Assanvo, A. D. (2018). Étude des verbes complexes de l’agni. Actes du 1er colloque scientifique national du Laboratoire de Description, de Didactique et de Dynamique des Langues en Côte d’Ivoire (L3DL-CI) : « Le nom dans les langues naturelles », Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, (Côte d’Ivoire), CRELIS : La Revue du Centre de Recherche et d’Études en Littérature et Sciences du Langage, Faculté des Langues, Littératures et Civilisations, Série spéciale, 123-136

Further details on references, conclusion, Introduction URL: http://revue-akofena.org/index.php/apa-standards/

Evaluation policy

Articles are submitted to a double blind review by members of the scientific committee and/or experts specialising in the fields covered by the journal. They each fill in a detailed assessment form with, in conclusion, an opinion on the publication: either « publication authorised » (A), or « publication accepted subject to the required corrections being made » (B), or finally « publication not recommended » (C) (form published on the site). If both opinions are favourable to the publication (A), the editor-in-chief makes a summary and sends it to the author. If the two opinions express reservations (B), the forms, anonymised, are sent to the author by the same route. After correction, the article is again submitted to the same experts (as far as possible). If the two opinions are unfavourable (C), the records are anonymised and sent to the author through the same channel. If the two opinions are contradictory, a third opinion is requested from one of the members of the Scientific and Reading Committee; the majority opinion determines the procedure for communicating the results to the author.

Ethical guidelines

  • The author must reserve the exclusive right to publish his or her article until the results of the review are received. In the event of an unfavourable review, the author is released from any contract with the journal unless he/she decides to improve the article and resubmit it for possible publication.
  • Authors who plagiarize 20% or more of the content of their article will be notified of the plagiarized sources and banned from publication with a reasoned opinion.
  • If less than 20% of the content is plagiarised, the author will be required to reformulate the targeted passages in order to have his or her article re-examined.
  • The plagiarism referred to here does not involve quotations in inverted commas which are necessarily referenced.
  • The author remains solely responsible for the content of his or her article even after publication in the journal.
  • The author must ultimately approve the version of the article to be published.


Each text is subjected to plagiarism detection using the compilatio.net software

Plagiarism complaints

Plagiarism is committed when one author uses another work (typically the work of another author) without permission, credit, or acknowledgment. Plagiarism takes different forms, from literal copying to paraphrasing the work of another

Literal copying: literal copying is reproducing a work word for word, in whole or in part, without permission and acknowledgment of the original source. Literal copying is obvious plagiarism and is easy to detect by comparing the papers in question.

Substantial copying: substantial copying is reproducing a substantial part of a work, without permission and acknowledgment of the original source. In determining what is “substantial,” both the quantity and the quality of the copied content are relevant. Quality refers to the relative value of the copied text in proportion to the work as a whole. Where the essence of a work has been reproduced, even if only a small part of the original work, plagiarism may have occurred. For example, a relatively short extract from a piece of article, text, book may be instantly recognizable and may constitute a substantial part.

Paraphrasing: copying may take place without reproducing the exact words used in the original work, i.e. without literal or substantial copying. This type of copying is known as paraphrasing, and it can be the most difficult type of plagiarism to detect. To determine whether unacceptable paraphrasing has occurred, Akofena journal applies a test similar to that for substantial copying: Look at the quantity and quality of what has been taken and also at whether the second author has benefited from the skill and judgment of the first author. If it seems clear, on a balance of probabilities, that the second author has taken without permission or acknowledgment all or a substantial part of the original work and used it to create a second work, albeit expressed in different words, then such use amounts to plagiarism.

Recommended action

The complainant must be made aware that the matter cannot be investigated unless at some point the Akofena journal informs the corresponding (or complained-about) author (due process). The first stage must be a simple comparison of the relevant (two) texts. This can be a simple side-by-side comparison by our editor for the simpler forms of plagiarism or a more thoughtful analysis if paraphrasing or types of ‘self-plagiarism’ are alleged.

What if the editor reasonably determines that there is significant overlap of text?

A confidential letter summarizing the complaint is sent to the author who is the subject of the complaint. In addition, Akofena may anonymously involve peer reviewers, members of the editorial board, or experts in the field using standard peer review procedures, to review texts (especially if the allegation is a more complex form of plagiarism). Legal review may be appropriate if the complainant or his/her publisher alleges copyright infringement.

What if the complained-about author accepts the position of the complainant?

There may still be a disagreement about the proper description. It is normally sufficient to simply state that the item complained of included substantial portions copied without attribution from a prior item. Although the complainant may feel that a stronger statement would be more appropriate – and if in fact the infringer was simply « passing off » someone else’s material as his or her own, a stronger statement would probably be appropriate, but with legal scrutiny for defamation. Finally, the editor may need to make a judgment about the appropriate language for the statement, if there is no consensus, and should do so in consultation with the Akofena administration.

What if the corresponding author rejects the position of the complainant?

The Akofena journal will consider whether the author’s explanation is reasonable, then inform the complainant of the author’s explanation and request comments with justification.

What if the corresponding author has not responded in a timely fashion (approximately 30 days) to the editor’s correspondence?

The editor of our journal will make the appropriate determination that the complaint has merit.

As with authorship or fraud complaints, what if an institution is contacted and responds negatively or does not respond?

This should be reviewed with the complainant (perhaps the complainant is better placed to make the complaint directly with the institution).

What if a funding agency is involved?

To determine this, Akofena journal must review the disclosure statements in the offending article. If so, we may consider contacting the agency.

Open access policy

Akofena journal  is an Open Access peer-reviewed journal, freely accessible online. Following the Budapest Open Access Initiative definition of “Open Access”, the users have the right to “read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link” to the full texts of articles.

Access & Licensing

Ownership and copyright

  • Akofena allows authors to hold the copyright and publication rights to their contributions without restriction.


  • L3DL-CI, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Côte d’Ivoire

Legal deposit (Sub-direction of legal deposit)

  • 1er trimestre 2020
  • N°16304 du 06 Mars 2020

International IDs

  • ISSN-L (imprimé) 2706-6312
  • eISSN (en ligne) 2708-0633
  • EOI 10.11236/akofena

Updated on May 2, 2021